Velouté sauce

Velouté sauce

By Food E Fare

Velouté sauce is another one of the five mother sauces in French cuisine, as classified by Auguste Escoffier. It is a white sauce made with a roux (butter and flour) and a light stock, typically chicken or fish stock. Velouté is known for its smooth and velvety texture. Here's a basic recipe for Velouté sauce:


  • 2 tablespoons unsalted butter
  • 2 tablespoons all-purpose flour
  • 2 cups chicken or fish stock (warmed)
  • Salt and white pepper to taste


Prepare the Roux:

  • In a saucepan, melt the butter over medium heat. Once melted, add the flour and whisk continuously to form a smooth paste, creating a roux.

Cook the Roux:

  • Cook the roux for a couple of minutes, stirring constantly. This helps eliminate the raw taste of the flour.

Gradually Add Warm Stock:

  • Gradually add the warm chicken or fish stock to the roux, whisking continuously to prevent lumps from forming. Adding the stock gradually is important for a smooth consistency.

Simmer and Thicken:

  • Bring the mixture to a gentle simmer over medium heat while continuing to whisk. Allow the sauce to simmer until it thickens to your desired consistency. This usually takes about 5-10 minutes.


  • Season the Velouté sauce with salt and white pepper to taste.

Strain (Optional):

  • For an even smoother sauce, you can strain it through a fine-mesh sieve to remove any small lumps.

Use as Desired:

  • Velouté sauce is a versatile base and can be used as is or further enriched. It can be used in various dishes, such as poultry or seafood dishes, and can serve as a base for other sauces like Allemande sauce (Velouté with egg yolk and cream).


Velouté sauce is valued for its ability to provide a light and creamy base that enhances the flavors of other ingredients in a dish. It is a key component in classical French cuisine and a building block for creating more complex sauces.

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